Introduction to the species:
There are both, marine and freshwater mussels. They usually feed on plankton and can be found in seas all over the world. Besides the use of mussels as food, they have an array of uses for industrial and surgical applications, environmental bio indicators of the aquatic environments.
There are the many dishes involving mussels all over the world, however, the four countries of Spain, Denmark, Belgium and France, have a per capita consumption at 3.08 kg per year. Compared to the rest of Europe average consumption of 200gr per year. Countries, such as Belgium base their national cuisine on mussels (moules frites).
- In Europe is Spain the leader country in mussel industry.
- In the total world aquaculture production, EU aquaculture occupies a share of 1.23% in terms of volume and Mediterranean mussels make up around a quarter of the total volume farmed in the EU.
- This amounts to around 326204 tonnes live weight per year!
Activities related to mussels in NewTechAqua:
- Due to the absence of effective and specific chemotherapy and anti-viral treatments or vaccines to prevent shellfish diseases, the surveillance of such diseases aimed at their prevention has a key role, it is therefore important to implement high levels of on-farm and live-holding facility biosecurity and to restrict stock movements. Repeated episodes of mortality induced by pathogens constitute one of the main impediments to the culture of marine molluscs. Infectious diseases impact production and can cause high economic losses. Some taxa have been shown to affect all life stages of their hosts, including some of the most prolific pathogens in the genus Vibrio Under this scenario, diagnostic tools for the fast screening of pathogens in shellfish are highly desirable. To this end, colorimetric assays and electrochemical biosensors for the detection of viable V. parahaemolyticus in oyster will be developed, based on isothermal RPA and a sandwich hybridisation assay to develop a new sensitive, specific and fast diagnostic tools for the fast screening of pathogens in shellfish farming systems.
- NewTechAqua will provide an innovative algorithm from satellite images for high-resolution detection (20 m) of chl-a in shallow areas in Mediterranean; so providing accurate and better information, than the information available free of charge on the Copernicus Marine Environment Monitoring Service or other free access portals. In particular a carrying capacity model will be developed for the Ebro delta embayments based on satellite-derived chl-a concentration that will serve as a model for other Mediterranean areas to identify the most suitable off-shore areas based on chl-a concentration to maintain shellfish.